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Asian Clam (Corbicula fluminea) - photo by U.S. Geological Survey
Asian Clam
Corbicula fluminea

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Bloody Red Shrimp
Hemimysis anomala

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Invasive Snails

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Rusty Crayfish
Orconectes rusticus

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Spiny and Fishhook Waterfleas
Bythotrephes longimanus & Cercopagis pengoi

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Zebra and Quagga Mussels
Dreissena polymorpha & D. bugensis

Invasive Snails

Invasive snails include a variety of gastropods invasive to areas of North America. Invasive snails, such as the channeled apple snail, Chinese mysterysnail, New Zealand mud snail and the banded mysterysnail are all non-native to North America, besides the latter which is native to eastern and southern Florida. All species were accidentally or intentionally introduced to North American waterways.

Invasive snails are commonly found in slow flowing streams as opposed to larger fast flowing waters. As an introduced species they thrive in disturbed watersheds including fresh to brackish waters with silt, sand and mud substrates.

Range

The banded mysterysnail and Chinese mysterysnail are both distributed from the Niagara River, flowing into the Great Lakes. They have also been found in Lake Ontario, Lake Erie, and Kawartha Lakes, Trent River drainages and the Crowe and Moira River watershed. The Channeled apple snail has not yet been recorded in Ontario, but is found in southern parts of the United States. The New Zealand mud snail can be found in the Welland canal and the Great Lakes, including, Lake Ontario, Erie, Superior and Michigan.

Impacts of Invasive Snails

  • Reproduce and spread rapidly.
  • May prey on fish eggs and reduce survival rates.
  • Out-compete for food and habitat and effect the abundance of native snails.
  • Channeled apple snail act as a vector transferring bacteria and parasites. This species is also threatening the crop industry in Hawaii and rice populations in Asia.
  • Chinese mysterysnail has been reported to clog water intake pipes.

How to Identify Invasive Snails

Check the chart below to know if you have a channeled apple snail, Chinese mysterysnail, new zealand mud snail or banded mysterysnail.


Channeled Apple Snail
Pomacea canaliculata

 

  • 4.5 – 7.5 cm
  • Spherical with 5-6 rounded whorls
  • Brownish or greenish, but can vary from black to pale cream
  • Operculum is ear-shaped with concentric growth lines

Chinese Mysterysnail
Bellamya chinensis

 

  • 6.5 cm or less
  • Spherical shoulder whorls separated by prominent sutures
  • Brownish to olive-green
  • Operculum is oblong with concentric growth lines

New Zealand Mud Snail
Potamopyrgus antipodarum

 

  • 8 mm or less
  • Cone-shaped and slender with pointed whorl
  • Variable, range from light to dark brown
  • Operculum is ear-shaped with off-centre nucleus

Banded Mysteysnail
Viviparus cf. georgianus

 

  • 3.5 cm or less
  • Spherical with whorls separated by deep sutures
  • Yellow to greenish brown with 3-4 dark reddish-brown spiral bands
  • Operculum is ear-shaped with concentric growth lines

What You Can Do

  • Learn how to identify invasive snails and how to prevent accidentally spreading these invasive species.
  • Inspect your boat, trailer and equipment after each use. Remove all plants, animals and mud before moving to a new water body.
  • Drain water from motor, live well, bilge and transom wells while on land.
  • Rinse all recreational equipment with high pressure (>250 psi), hot water (50°C / 122°F) OR let it dry in the sun for at least 5 days.
  • If you find invasive snails or other invasive species in the wild, please contact the toll-free Invading Species Hotline at 1-800-563-7711, or report a sighting online.

Other Resources

 

Photo Gallery

Downloads

Icon of New Zealand Mudsnail Watch Card New Zealand Mudsnail Watch Card (899.8 KiB)
Icon of Workshop Manual: Aquatic Invasive Species Workshop Manual: Aquatic Invasive Species (2.5 MiB)
Icon of Field Guide to Aquatic Invasive Species 3rd Edition Field Guide to Aquatic Invasive Species 3rd Edition (3.5 MiB)